Terpenes are chemical substances that occur naturally in plants and animals. Aromas, smells, and even colours associated with distinct types of vegetation are all due to them. Terpenes are the compounds in cannabis that give various strains their distinct aromas and flavours.
Cleaning solvents, insecticides, and dyes are among the items that can be made from them. Some of them are even relaxing.
While terpenes can be found in practically all plants, the following are some of the more prevalent sources include cannabis, sage, thyme and citrus fruits.
What are some common terpenes?
Myrcene is a terpene that is found in a variety of plants, including thyme and lemongrass. It has a mildly sweet flavour and is said to have relaxing and healing properties.
Limonene is a fragrant and aromatic compound found in citrus fruits, peppermint, cloves, hemp, and other plants. It’s thought to have medicinal properties, such as stress alleviation. According to certain research, limonene can help increase immunity. Limonene is also found in a wide range of items, including perfumes and cleaning supplies.
The spiciness in black pepper is due to caryophyllene! Cloves, hemp, and hops all contain large amounts of it. Caryophyllene, unlike other terpenes, can act as a cannabinoid by attaching directly to endocannabinoid receptors. Caryophyllene can be used to produce anti-inflammatory benefits when combined with other terpenes and cannabinoids, according to preliminary research.
Terpinolene is a complex and unique aromatic terpene that can be found in modest amounts in various hemp varieties. Terpinolene, despite its small size, has a significant impact on flavour and aroma, making it a common ingredient in cleaning products and soaps.
Pinene is the powerful terpene responsible for the aroma of pine needles, as its name suggests. It’s the most prevalent terpene in nature, and it’s located in trees, rosemary, dill, basil, parsley, and pretty much any other plant. Pinene is hypothesised to play a role in the anti-inflammatory properties of hemp when combined with other terpenes and cannabinoids.
Humulene is a multifunctional terpene with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties among its most significant health advantages. Cannabis with a high dose of humulene is also anorectic, which means it won’t give you a big hunger spike like most strains.
Linalool, a significant component of lavender, vitamin E, and other spices, has been used for ages for its calming properties. Linalool has also been proven in studies to have anti-inflammatory effects.
Do terpenes get you high?
Terpenes won’t get you high in the classic meaning of the word. Some are deemed psychoactive because they have an impact on the brain. While terpenes aren’t euphoric on their own, some researchers believe they can influence the effects of THC, the cannabinoid that gives cannabis its high.